Definition of decentralization
Decentralization can be political, economic, or administrative.
Political DecentralizationIn political decentralization, power is transferred from the central government to local governments or other subnational entities.
Economic DecentralizationIn economic decentralization, power is transferred from centralized management of financial resources to individuals or societal groups.
Administrative DecentralizationIn administrative decentralization, the management of public services is transferred to local authorities or other subnational entities.
Decentralization can help improve efficiency, effectiveness, and accountability in the delivery of public services and decision-making.